In the coming decades and for the remainder of her life, Addams was an influential leader for Chicago social reform. Beyond her leadership, though, Addams was a friend to thousands of poor immigrants in the Chicago slums. Hull-House was a non-political, non-religious haven for those that had no other advocate in a busy city. The story is remarkable.
Main entrance to Hull House. Twenty Years at Hull Housep. The run-down mansion had been built by Charles Hull in and needed repairs and upgrading. Addams at first paid for all of the capital expenses repairing the roof of the porch, repainting the rooms, buying furniture and most of the operating costs.
However gifts from individuals supported the House beginning in its first year and Addams was able to reduce the proportion of her contributions, although the annual budget grew rapidly.
A number of wealthy women became important long-term donors to the House, including Helen Culverwho managed her first cousin Charles Hull's estate, and who eventually allowed the contributors to use the house rent-free.
At its height,  Hull House was visited each week by some 2, people. The Hull House was a center for research, empirical analysis, study, and debate, as well as a pragmatic center for living in and establishing good relations with the Twenty years at hull house. Residents of Hull-house conducted investigations on housing, midwifery, fatigue, tuberculosis, typhoid, garbage collection, cocaine, and truancy.
Its facilities included a night school for adults, clubs for older children, a public kitchen, an art gallerya gyma girls' club, a bathhouse, a book binderya music schoola drama group and a theater, apartments, a library, meeting rooms for discussion, clubs, an employment bureau, and a lunchroom.
In addition to making available social services and cultural events for the largely immigrant population of the neighborhood, Hull House afforded an opportunity for young social workers to acquire training. Eventually, Hull House became a building settlement complex, which included a playground and a summer camp known as Bowen Country Club.
The art program at Hull House allowed Addams to challenge the system of industrialized education, which "fitted" the individual to a specific job or position. She wanted the house to provide a space, time and tools to encourage people to think independently.
She saw art as the key to unlocking the diversity of the city through collective interaction, mutual self-discovery, recreation and the imagination. Art was integral to her vision of community, disrupting fixed ideas and stimulating the diversity and interaction on which a healthy society depends, based on a continual rewriting of cultural identities through variation and interculturalism.
On the first floor of the new addition there was a branch of the Chicago Public Library, and the second was the Butler Art Gallery, which featured recreations of famous artwork as well as the work of local artists.
Studio space within the art gallery provided both Hull House residents and the entire community with the opportunity to take art classes or to come in and hone their craft whenever they liked.
As Hull House grew, and the relationship with the neighborhood deepened, that opportunity became less of a comfort to the poor and more of an outlet of expression and exchange of different cultures and diverse communities. Art and culture was becoming a bigger and more important part of the lives of immigrants within the 19th ward, and soon children caught on to the trend.
These working-class children were offered instruction in all forms and levels of art.
Places such as the Butler Art Gallery or the Bowen Country Club often hosted these classes, but more informal lessons would often be taught outdoors. The CPSAS provided public schools with reproductions of world-renowned pieces of art, hired artists to teach children how to create art, and also took the students on field trips to Chicago's many art museums.
Twenty Years at Hull House. That mix was the ground where Hull House's inner social and philanthropic elitists tested their theories and challenged the establishment. The ethnic mix is recorded by the Bethlehem-Howard Neighborhood Center: Only Italians continued as an intact and thriving community through the Great Depression, World War II, and well beyond the ultimate demise of Hull House proper in Addams used it to generate system-directed change, on the principle that to keep families safe, community and societal conditions had to be improved.
Ethics[ edit ] Starr and Addams developed three "ethical principles" for social settlements: In the s Julia LathropFlorence Kelleyand other residents of the house made it a world center of social reform activity. Hull House used the latest methodology pioneering in statistical mapping to study overcrowding, truancy, typhoid fever, cocaine, children's reading, newsboys, infant mortality, and midwifery.
Starting with efforts to improve the immediate neighborhood, the Hull House group became involved in city- and statewide campaigns for better housing, improvements in public welfare, stricter child-labor laws, and protection of working women. Addams brought in prominent visitors from around the world, and had close links with leading Chicago intellectuals and philanthropists.
Inshe helped start the new Progressive Party and supported the presidential campaign of Theodore Roosevelt.9 rows · Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Twenty Years at Hull-House is Jane Addams’ autobiography until about , a chronicle of the various reforms she brought to life and some of the things that changed the lives of the immigrants (9, a year).
Hull-House was a non-political, non-religious haven for those that had no other advocate in a busy city. twenty years at hull-house with autobiographical notes by jane addams. hull-house, chicago.
author of "democracy and social ethics," "newer ideals of peace," "the spirit of youth and the city streets," etc. twenty years at hull-house with autobiographical notes by jane addams. hull-house, chicago. author of "democracy and social ethics," "newer ideals of peace," "the spirit of youth and the city streets," etc.
Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Twenty Years at Hull-House Two Works Cited Victoria Bissell Brown's introduction to Twenty Years at Hull-House explains the life of Jane Addams and her commitment to insight social change to problems that existed during the turn of the 20th century.