Premises[ edit ] The most common situational theory was developed by Fred Fiedler.
In order to effectively lead it is also fruitful to gain understanding of the theories presented by various social thinkers.
The main theme of the theory is that various situational factors act as the major force in the formation of a leader with personality attributes and interaction between the leader and the group members. We will write a custom essay sample on An overview: Koontz, Weihrich, According to Fiedler there are three directions which play an important role in finding out the most suitable leadership style.
First is Position power which can be described as the extent of power of the designation a Fiedler contingency model essay can enjoy despite his personal qualities and expertise.
This can also be defined as the organizational authority which a manager can use to make his team members follow his orders. On the other hand if the position power of the leader will be vague and weak he will find it difficult to make others follow him.
The second attribute is the Task Structure. The duties of the individuals in the team should be specified. According to Fiedler the performance of the members are directly related with the degree of clarity of task structure, the higher the clarity higher the performance level.
Conversely if the task is vague and unstructured and responsibilities are not assigned, it will be difficult to easily control and manage the performance of group members.
Third attribute is known as the Leader-Member relations. According to Fiedler, this is the most important attribute. Leader-Member Relationship can be regarded as the extent to which the members of the team admire, rely and willing to follow the leader.
In order to undertake his study Fiedler divided the leadership styles in two major categories. Further he defined the favorableness of situation as the degree of the suitability of situation for a leader to make the group of people follow him in his desired direction. In lieu of measuring leadership style and de he presented a measuring technique which is still used popularly in most of the organizations.
The testing tool introduced by Fiedler mainly constituted of two sources: Unfriendly1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FriendlyUncooperative1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 CooperativeHostile1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Supportive…. Koontz, Weihrich, According to the ratings in the studies conducted by Fiedler, he reached the conclusion that those leaders who rated their co-workers in favorable direction were those who drive satisfaction from having successful interpersonal relationship.
Conversely those who rated their co- workers as least preferred coworkers low were the drivers of satisfaction from task performance. This is so, because, individuals who rate their least preferred coworker in relatively favorable light on these scales derive satisfaction out of interpersonal relationship, and those who rate the coworker in a relatively unfavorable light get satisfaction out of successful task performance.
Critics point out that this is not always an accurate measurement of leadership effectiveness. In Favorable conditions the position power is strong, task structure is clear, Leader-member relations are good and both human relations oriented and task oriented leaders are favorable.
The Contingency theory provide the suggestions that the most effective and higher productive result of tasks can only be achieved by changing the situation to fit the leader.
Improved training and development process can also achieve the goal.Whenever and wherever human beings are gathered together in large numbers, they need leadership. Even children need their school prefects and schools captains! The Fiedler contingency model is a leadership theory of industrial and organizational psychology developed by Fred Fiedler (born ), one of the leading scientists who helped his field move from the research of traits and personal characteristics of leaders to leadership styles and behaviours.
The. Free example essay on Fiedler's contingency theory of arteensevilla.com research paper on Fiedler's contingency theory of leadership.
The Fiedler Contingency Model was created in the mids by Fred Fiedler, a scientist who helped advance the study of personality and characteristics of leaders.
The model states that there is no one best style of leadership. Assignment The assignment for chapter 14 is a short assignment. You are going to explore Fiedler’s Contingency Theory of leadership.
Complete the Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) . Fred Fiedler's theory () is the earliest and most extensively researched is also known as contingency model of leadership effectiveness.
Fiedler's ideas, originated from trait and behavioral models, underline the importance of both the leader's personality known as "leadership style" and the situation in which that leader operates.