Excellent theory of knowledge essays

Collected Essays on Spinoza 1.

Excellent theory of knowledge essays

Ontological Issues What sorts of things are these candidates? In particular, should the bearers of truth-values be regarded as being linguistic items and, as a consequence, items within specific languagesor are they non-linguistic items, or are they both?

The Age of the Essay

In addition, should they be regarded as being concrete entities, i. Sentences are linguistic items: However, Excellent theory of knowledge essays term "sentence" has two senses: These three English sentence-tokens are all of the same sentence-type: Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun.

Sentence-tokens are concrete objects. They are composed of ink marks on paper, or sequences of sounds, or patches of light on a computer monitor, etc. Sentence-tokens exist in space and time; they can be located in space and can be dated.

They are abstract objects. Analogous distinctions can be made for letters, for words, for numerals, for musical notes on a stave, indeed for any symbols whatsoever. Might sentence-tokens be the bearers of truth-values? One reason to favor tokens over types is to solve the problems involving so-called "indexical" or "token reflexive" terms such as "I" and "here" and "now".

Is the claim expressed by the sentence-type "I like chocolate" true or false? Well, it depends on who "I" is referring to. If Jack, who likes chocolate, says "I like chocolate", then what he has said is true; but if Jill, who dislikes chocolate, says "I like chocolate", then what she has said is false.

If it were sentence-types which were the bearers of truth-values, then the sentence-type "I like chocolate" would be both true and false — an unacceptable contradiction.

The contradiction is avoided, however, if one argues that sentence-tokens are the bearers of truth-values, for in this case although there is only one sentence-type involved, there are two distinct sentence-tokens.

A second reason for arguing that sentence-tokens, rather than sentence-types, are the bearers of truth-values has been advanced by nominalist philosophers. Nominalists are intent to allow as few abstract objects as possible. Insofar as sentence-types are abstract objects and sentence-tokens are concrete objects, nominalists will argue that actually uttered or written sentence-tokens are the proper bearers of truth-values.

But the theory that sentence-tokens are the bearers of truth-values has its own problems. One objection to the nominalist theory is that had there never been any language-users, then there would be no truths. And the same objection can be leveled against arguing that it is beliefs that are the bearers of truth-values: And a second objection — to the theory that sentence-tokens are the bearers of truth-values — is that even though there are language-users, there are sentences that have never been uttered and never will be.

Consider, for example, the distinct number of different ways that a deck of playing cards can be arranged. And there are countless other examples as well. Sentence-tokens, then, cannot be identified as the bearers of truth-values — there simply are too few sentence-tokens.

Thus both theories — i that sentence-tokens are the bearers of truth-values, and ii that sentence-types are the bearers of truth-values — encounter difficulties.

Might propositions be the bearers of truth-values? To escape the dilemma of choosing between tokens and types, propositions have been suggested as the primary bearers of truth-values.50 Excellent Theory of Knowledge Essays 2 May 09 4.

“Seek simplicity, and distrust it” (Alfred North Whitehead).

Introduction to Modern Literary Theory

Is this always good advice for a knower? Samples Of Excellent Tok Essays – Inicio › Foros › SE TRENDY › Samples Of Excellent Tok Essays – Este debate contiene 0 respuestas, tiene 1 mensaje y lo actualizó leloohamlettres hace 8 meses, 1 semana.

Title. Candidate name.


School name. 1. Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge. Hajar Elaalej. Rabat American School. Richa Maru. Gandhi Memorial International School. The theory of knowledge essay is the externally-assessed part of TOK, in contrast to the presentation, which is marked ‘in house’.

You choose from a list of 6 different prescribed titles, and try to somehow cram the sum of your TOK knowledge into words. September Remember the essays you had to write in high school?

Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure. Oy. Epistemology, or “the theory of knowledge,” is concerned with how we know what we know, what justifies us in believing what we believe, and what standards of evidence we should use in seeking truths about the world and human experience.

Excellent theory of knowledge essays
Theory of Knowledge Essay - Sample Essays