Essays cultural conflicts

He looks at the nature, sources and effects of identity, as well as those things that shape it. He also considers how identities are changed in the context of transforming intractable conflicts. The way we see conflict differs according to what "frames" we choose to see it through. This essay is important because culture is one of the primary dimensions by which people often define their identities, along with ethnicity, religion, language, tribe and clan.

Essays cultural conflicts

American media critic Herbert Schiller wrote: The public media are the foremost example of operating enterprises that are used in the penetrative process. This occurs largely through the commercialization of broadcasting.

Cultural imperialism signifies the dimensions of the process that go beyond economic exploitation or military force. In the history of colonialismi.

Western advertising has made further inroads, as have architectural and fashion styles.

Essays cultural conflicts

Subtly but powerfully, the message has often been insinuated that Western cultures are superior to the cultures of the Third World.

The issue of cultural imperialism emerged largely from communication studies. Following an interpretation of power similar to that of MachiavelliFoucault defines power as immaterial, as a "certain type of relation between individuals" that has to do with complex strategic social positions that relate to the subject's ability to control its environment and influence those around itself.

Cultural imperialism may be an example of this. Foucault's interpretation of governance is also very important in constructing theories of transnational power structure.

Because of this, Spivak argues that the subalternreferring to the communities that participate in the Sati, are not able to represent themselves through their own voice. Spivak says that cultural imperialism has the power to disqualify or erase the knowledge and mode of education of certain populations that are low on the social hierarchy.

In A critique of Postcolonial Reason, Spivak argues that Western philosophy has a history of not only exclusion of the subaltern from discourse, but also does not allow them to occupy the space of a fully human subject. Contemporary ideas and debate[ edit ] Cultural imperialism can refer to either the forced acculturation of a subject population, or to the voluntary embracing of a foreign culture by individuals who do so of their own free will.

Since these are two very different referents, the validity of the term has been called into question. Cultural influence can be seen by the "receiving" culture as either a threat to or an enrichment of its cultural identity.

It seems therefore useful to distinguish between cultural imperialism as an active or passive attitude of superiority, and the position of a culture or group that seeks to complement its own cultural production, considered partly deficient, with imported products.

The imported products or services can themselves represent, or be associated with, certain values such as consumerism. According to one argument, the "receiving" culture does not necessarily perceive this link, but instead absorbs the foreign culture passively through the use of the foreign goods and services.

Due to its somewhat concealed, but very potent nature, this hypothetical idea is described by some experts as "banal imperialism. This kind of cultural imperialism is derived from what is called " soft power ". The theory of electronic colonialism extends the issue to global cultural issues and the impact of major multi-media conglomerates, ranging from ViacomTime-WarnerDisneyNews Corpto Google and Microsoft with the focus on the hegemonic power of these mainly United States-based communication giants.

Cultural diversity[ edit ] One of the reasons often given for opposing any form of cultural imperialism, voluntary or otherwise, is the preservation of cultural diversitya goal seen by some as analogous to the preservation of ecological diversity.

Proponents of this idea argue either that such diversity is valuable in itself, to preserve human historical heritage and knowledge, or instrumentally valuable because it makes available more ways of solving problems and responding to catastrophes, natural or otherwise.

Ideas relating to African colonization[ edit ] Of all the areas of the world that scholars have claimed to be adversely affected by imperialism, Africa is probably the most notable.

In the expansive "age of imperialism" of the nineteenth century, scholars have argued that European colonization in Africa has led to the elimination of many various cultures, worldviews, and epistemologiesparticularly through neocolonization of public education.

Abdiclaims that imperialism inherently "involve[s] extensively interactive regimes and heavy contexts of identity deformation, misrecognition, loss of self-esteem, and individual and social doubt in self-efficacy.

Ties to neoliberalism[ edit ] Neoliberalism is often critiqued by sociologists, anthropologists, and cultural studies scholars as being culturally imperialistic. Critics of neoliberalism, at times, claim that it is the newly predominant form of imperialism.

For example, Chandra Mohanty has critiqued Western feminismclaiming that it has created a misrepresentation of the "third world woman" as being completely powerless, unable to resist male dominance.

Some scholars even question the intentions of those developing the field of study, claiming that efforts to "develop" the Global South were never about the South itself.

Instead, these efforts, it is argued, were made in order to advance Western development and reinforce Western hegemony. Critics of cultural imperialism commonly claim that non-Western cultures, particularly from the Third World, will forsake their traditional values and lose their cultural identities when they are solely exposed to Western media.

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Salwen, in his book Critical Studies in Mass Communication[29] claims that cross-consideration and integration of empirical findings on cultural imperialist influences is very critical in terms of understanding mass media in the international sphere.The Phoenix Art Museum: The Impact of Art - As an avid supporter of the arts, immediately I was drawn to the Phoenix Art Museum as my choice for a building of cultural interest in Arizona.

Cultural Conflicts. Custom Cultural Conflicts Essay Writing Service || Cultural Conflicts Essay samples, help During Clinton’s era, there was a spectacular economic growth, despite diverse drawbacks.

Clash: 8 Cultural Conflicts That Make Us Who We Are [Excerpt] October 3, / in Books, Essays & Discussion, Society / by Hazel Rose Markus and Alana Conner W hy does moving to San Francisco end in divorce for one Midwestern couple?

- Introduction In this essay, I will be discussing ways in which cross-cultural conflict may arise, and ways to overcome these communication barriers. Effective communication between people of the same .

When an aspect of cultural identity is threatened or misunderstood, it may become single most important criteria in cross-cultural conflicts.

Narrow identity may become the focus of stereotyping, negative projection, and conflict. Trouble in Nigeria's North - Trouble in Nigeria’s North “‘I saw the soldiers asking the people to lie on the ground.

There was a small argument between the soldiers and the civilian JTF.

Essays cultural conflicts
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