History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Clear Fair All of these attributes must be true, whether the nurse is talking, speaking or acting. You also need to do these things when you are reading, writing and talking.
Always keep these critical thinking attributes in mind in nursing! Nurses have to get rid of inconsistent, irrelevant and illogical thinking as they think about patient care. Nurses need to use language that will clearly communicate a lot of information that is key to good nursing care.
It is important to note that nurses are never focused in irrelevant or trivial information. Key Critical Thinking Skills Some skills are more important than others when it comes to critical thinking.
Some of these skills are applied in patient care, via the framework known as the Nursing Process. The skills that are most important are: Interpreting — Understanding and explaining the meaning of information, or a particular event.
Analyzing — Investigating a course of action, that is based upon data that is objective and subjective. Evaluating — This is how you assess the value of the information that you got.
Is the information relevant, reliable and credible? This skill is also needed to determine if outcomes have been fully reached. Based upon those three skills, the nurse can then use clinical reasoning to determine what the problem is.
These decisions have to be based upon sound reasoning: Explaining — Clearly and concisely explaining your conclusions. The nurse needs to be able to give a sound rationale for her answers. Self regulating — You have to monitor your own thinking processes. This means that you must reflect on the process that lead to the conclusion.
You should self correct in this process as needed.
Be on alert for bias and improper assumptions. Critical Thinking Pitfalls Errors that occur in critical thinking in nursing can cause incorrect conclusions. This is particularly dangerous in nursing, because an incorrect conclusion can lead to incorrect clinical actions.
Illogical Processes Critical thinking can fail when logic is improperly used. One common fallacy is when one uses a circular argument. Logic errors also can happen when a thinking makes generalizations and does not think about the evidence.
Bias All people have biases.Three Levels of Critical Thinking Skills By Kenneth W. Michael Wills Defining critical thinking and classifying “levels” of critical thinking is a curious endeavor.
The Value of Critical Thinking in Nursing + Examples Home / Community / The Value of Critical Thinking in Nursing + Examples Clinical skills in nursing are obviously important, but critical thinking is at the core of being a good nurse.
The 3 Levels of Critical Thinking Skill. Golding explains his intellectual development (including a personal encounter with Albert Einstein) and classifies critical thinking skill in three grades.
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Grade-Three Critical Thinking. Grade-Three thought is often full of unconscious prejudice, ignorance and hypocrisy. The Six Levels of Thinking Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives explains that the process of thinking actually involves several levels.
Infants and toddlers use mostly the first two levels, but by age 3 children can use all six. the Department of Defense have asserted a need to develop better critical thinking skills.3 The requirement for better critical thinkers stems from a realization that the complexity, uncertainty, and however, competing schools of thought on what critical thinking is and how to best develop it.
In most cases a multidisciplinary assessment of. Level 3 Thinker - At the second level of complex thinking the concept of grey is introduced, as people realize that maybe things are not as simple as either/or. The process of development is that people can understand thought at up to two levels above their preferred mode.