Who Is Afraid of Carl von Clausewitz? Michael Handel as courseware for the Naval War College. It is displayed here with his permission and is copyright Michael Handel.
In practice the process of assessing overall risk can be difficult, and balancing resources used to mitigate between risks with a high probability of occurrence but lower loss versus a risk with high loss but lower probability of occurrence can often be mishandled.
For example, when deficient knowledge is applied to a situation, a knowledge risk materializes. Relationship risk appears when ineffective collaboration occurs. Process-engagement risk may be an issue when ineffective operational procedures are applied. These risks directly reduce the productivity of knowledge workers, decrease cost-effectiveness, profitability, service, quality, reputation, brand value, and earnings quality.
Intangible risk management allows risk management to create immediate value from the identification and reduction of risks that reduce productivity. Risk management also faces difficulties in allocating resources.
This is the idea of opportunity cost. Resources spent on risk management could have been spent on more profitable activities. Again, ideal risk management minimizes spending or manpower or other resources and also minimizes the negative effects of risks.
According to the definition to the risk, the risk is the possibility that an event will occur and adversely affect the achievement of an objective. Therefore, risk itself has the uncertainty.
Each company may have different internal control components, which leads to different outcomes. Method[ edit ] For the most part, these methods consist of the following elements, performed, more or less, in the following order. Establishing the context[ edit ] the social scope of risk management the identity and objectives of stakeholders the basis upon which risks will be evaluated, constraints.
Risks are about events that, when triggered, cause problems or benefits. Hence, risk identification can start with the source of our problems and those of our competitors benefitor with the problem itself. Source analysis  — Risk sources may be internal or external to the system that is the target of risk management use mitigation instead of management since by its own definition risk deals with factors of decision-making that cannot be managed.
Examples of risk sources are: Problem analysis[ citation needed ] — Risks are related to identified threats.
The threats may exist with various entities, most important with shareholders, customers and legislative bodies such as the government. When either source or problem is known, the events that a source may trigger or the events that can lead to a problem can be investigated.
The chosen method of identifying risks may depend on culture, industry practice and compliance.
The identification methods are formed by templates or the development of templates for identifying source, problem or event.
Common risk identification methods are: Objectives-based risk identification[ citation needed ] — Organizations and project teams have objectives. Any event that may endanger achieving an objective partly or completely is identified as risk.
Scenario-based risk identification — In scenario analysis different scenarios are created. The scenarios may be the alternative ways to achieve an objective, or an analysis of the interaction of forces in, for example, a market or battle.
Any event that triggers an undesired scenario alternative is identified as risk — see Futures Studies for methodology used by Futurists. Taxonomy-based risk identification — The taxonomy in taxonomy-based risk identification is a breakdown of possible risk sources.
Based on the taxonomy and knowledge of best practices, a questionnaire is compiled. The answers to the questions reveal risks. Each risk in the list can be checked for application to a particular situation. Creating a matrix under these headings enables a variety of approaches.
One can begin with resources and consider the threats they are exposed to and the consequences of each. Alternatively one can start with the threats and examine which resources they would affect, or one can begin with the consequences and determine which combination of threats and resources would be involved to bring them about.
Risk assessment Once risks have been identified, they must then be assessed as to their potential severity of impact generally a negative impact, such as damage or loss and to the probability of occurrence. These quantities can be either simple to measure, in the case of the value of a lost building, or impossible to know for sure in the case of an unlikely event, the probability of occurrence of which is unknown.Strategy is essentially a matter of common sense.
At its most basic, strategy is simply a matter of figuring out what we need to achieve, determining the best way to use the resources at our disposal to achieve it, then executing the plan.
"Laser" is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. A laser weapon can cut through steel while a flashlight cannot due to the fact that the laser weapon beam can have a higher .
Washington Post, to its credit, has been running a series on "poor and white in rural America" telling how job loss, wage reductions, rising serious drug addiction are devastating this group of people to the extent their life expectancy is falling.
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