The first, The Articles of Confederationwas in effect from March 1,when Maryland ratified it. The two documents have much in common - they were established by the same people sometimes literally the same exact people, though mostly just in terms of contemporaries. But they differ more than they do resemble each other, when one looks at the details.
Where the latter two documents served to establish the framework and structure of a new government, the first, as its title indicates, was intended to declare the independence of the United States from Great Britain. But the Declaration also promoted a theory of government that was reflected in the other two documents.
Stating first that "all men The Declaration of Independence is a different kind of document than the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. Stating first that "all men are created equal" with "certain unalienable rights," it proclaimed that the purpose of government was to protect these rights.
Because the British government had in fact taken these rights away, it was the right of the Americans to establish a new government that would better protect them. Along with declaring independence, then, the Declaration was a justification for forming a new government, declaring the right of the Americans to "alter or abolish" British rule in favor of a more representative government.
The Articles of Confederation was a plan of government established during the American Revolution after independence was declared in It was not a unitary government but a "firm league of friendship" between states.
The central government, such as it was, consisted of only a Congress in which each of the thirteen states had a single vote. It had little coercive power over the states, and struggled to raise revenue, as it could not levy mandatory taxes.
The Constitution, written in at a national convention held in Philadelphia, was a reaction in many ways to the weaknesses of the Articles as well as the problems stemming from these weaknesses.
It created a strong executive, a federal judiciary, and established a Congress with comparatively vast powers.
Most important, it contained a supremacy clause that made the federal government supreme in all cases over the states. So it altered the form of government under the Articles by situating power in a central government while still leaving some powers at the state level.
Each of these documents, as indicated above, should be read as a response to conditions surrounding its creation as well as an attempt to alter the existing form of government. If they contain a common thread, it is a commitment to representative government.
Each of them is a statement of popular sovereignty. The Declaration establishes the purpose of government as created by the people, and the Articles and the Constitution established governments founded on this principle and intended to put it into action.Start studying Compare and Contrast Articles and Constitution.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A Comparison of The Articles of Confederation and The Constitution.
After the Continental Congress wrote the Declaration of Independence, the same group also authored another significant document in American politics and history known as the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of .
Comparing the Articles and the Constitution The United States has operated under two constitutions. The first, The Articles of Confederation, was in effect from March 1, , when Maryland ratified it.
Comparing the Articles and the Constitution. The first, The Articles of Confederation, was in effect from March 1, , when Maryland ratified it.
The following is a comparison, detailing the similarities and differences between the Constitution and the Articles. rently in American colonial history.
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